You are here

Biogas substrates

Terms Biogas Substrate and Biogas Feedstock are used interchangeably and we consider them synonyms. As noted elsewhere biogas may have different meanings and biogas substrates are accordingly different.

Various types of feedstock can be used for the production of biogas: animal manure and slurries, crop residues, organic wastes from dairy production, food industries and agroindustries, wastewater sludge, organic fraction of municipal solid wastes, organic wastes from households as well as energy crops. Biogas can also be collected, with special installations, from landfill sites.

One main advantage of biogas production is the ability to use “wet biomass” types as feedstock, all characterised by moisture content higher than 60–70% (e.g. sewage sludge, animal slurries, flotation sludge from food processing etc.). In recent years, a number of energy crops (grains, maize, rapeseed), have been largely used as feedstock for biogas production in countries like Austria or Germany. Besides energy crops, all kinds of agricultural residues, damaged crops, unsuitable for food or resulting from unfavourable growing and weather conditions, can be used to produce biogas and fertiliser. A number of animal by-products, not suitable for human consumption, can also be processed in biogas plants.